*Editors*: H. Amann (Zürich), G. Auchmuty (Houston), D. Bao
(Houston), H. Brezis (Paris), J. Damon (Chapel Hill), K. Davidson (Waterloo), C.
Hagopian (Sacramento), R. M. Hardt (Rice), J. Hausen (Houston), J. A. Johnson
(Houston), J. Nagata (Osaka), V. I. Paulsen (Houston), G. Pisier (College
Station and Paris), S. W. Semmes (Rice)
*Managing Editor*: K. Kaiser (Houston)

Houston Journal of Mathematics

*Contents*

**Anderson, Daniel,** Department of Mathematics, The University of Iowa,
Iowa City, IA 52242 (dan-anderson@uiowa.edu) and **Smith, Eric, ** Department
of Mathematics, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, *current address:*
Department of Mathematics, The University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, IA
50613 (esmith@cns.uni.edu).

Weakly Prime Ideals,
pp. 831-840.

ABSTRACT.
Let R be a commutative ring with identity. We define a proper ideal P of R to be
weakly prime if whenever a nonzero product ab is in P, then either a is in P or
b is in P. For example, every proper ideal of a quasilocal ring (R,M) whose
maximal ideal M squared is 0 is weakly prime. We show that a weakly prime ideal
P that is not prime satisfies PP is 0, in fact, Pnil(R) is 0. A number of
results concerning weakly prime ideals and examples of weakly prime ideals are
given. We show that every proper (principal) ideal of R is a product of weakly
prime ideals if and only if R is a finite direct product of Dedekind domains
(locally factorial Krull domains) and SPIR's or (R,M) is a quasilocal ring whose
maximal ideal M squared is 0.

**Alfred Geroldinger, **Institut für Mathematik, Karl-Franzens
Universität, Heinrichstrasse 36, 8010 Graz, Austria
(alfred.geroldinger@uni-graz.at) and **Rüdiger Göbel, **Universität Essen,
Fachbereich 6, Mathematik und Informatik, 45117 Essen, Germany
(r.goebel@uni-essen.de).

Half-Factorial Subsets in
Infinite Abelian Groups, pp. 841-858.

ABSTRACT.
Let G be an abelian group. A subset S of G is said to be half-factorial, if the
block monoid over S is a half-factorial monoid. We show that every Warfield
group has a half-factorial subset which generates the group in the monoid
theoretical sense. In particular, this implies that for every Warfield group G
there exists a half-factorial Dedekind domain whose divisor class group is
isomorphic to G. We also provide torsion-free abelian groups with prescribed
endomorphism ring (for any ring with free additive group) which have
half-factorial generating sets but surely are not Warfield groups. The
corresponding question about the existence of non totally projective abelian
p-groups with a half-factorial set of generators remains open.

**Clark, David M.,** SUNY at New Paltz, New Paltz, NY 12561, U.S.A.
(clarkd@newpaltz.edu), **Davey, Brian A.,** La Trobe University, Victoria
3086, Australia (B.Davey@latrobe.edu.au), **Haviar, Miroslav,** Matej Bel
University, Ruzova 13, 974 01 Banska Bystrica, Slovak Republic
(mhaviar@fpv.umb.sk), **Pitkethly, Jane G.,** La Trobe University, Victoria
3086, Australia (janegp@alphalink.com.au), and **Talukder, M. Rashed,** La
Trobe University, Victoria 3086, Australia (R.Talukder@latrobe.edu.au).

Standard Topological
Quasi-varieties, pp. 859-887.

ABSTRACT.
This study addresses a problem which lies at the confluence of algebra, topology
and mathematical logic. It is motivated by the theory of natural dualities,
which provides a tight connection between a quasi-variety A and a topological
quasi-variety X. We introduce the notion of a standard topological quasi-variety
and initiate a program of study to determine which choices of X are standard and
which are not. We say that X is standard if, in an appropriate sense, there is a
nice axiomatic description of its members which allows us to recognize them by
looking only at their finite substructures.

**Ovidiu, Munteanu, **Transilvania University, Str. I. Maniu, 50, 2200,
Brasov, Romania (
gh.munteanu@info.unitbv.ro).

Weitzenböck Formulas for
Horizontal and Vertical Laplacians,
pp. 889-900.

ABSTRACT.
In this paper we study the horizontal and the vertical parts of the Laplace
operator on the total space of a fiber bundle when an arbitrary nonlinear
connection is given. We prove Weitzenböck formulas and vanishing theorems for
the horizontal and vertical Laplacians and for their sum.

Unlike the Levi-Civita connection, the linear connection involved in our
theorems preserves the horizontal and the vertical distributions.

We also study these operators for the normalized volume form.

**Jorge Pérez, V. H., ** Instituto de Ciências Matemática e de
Computação ICMC-USP Cx. Postal 668, São Carlos - SP - Brazil, CEP
13560-970**
**( vhjperez@icmc.usp.br).

Polar Multiplicities and Equisingularity of Map Germs from

ABSTRACT. Terence Gaffney (1992) showed that if some invariants associated to germs in a family

**Jiling Cao, **Department of Mathematical Science, Faculty of Science,
Ehime University, 790-8577 Matsuyama, Japan
(cao@sylow.math.sci.ehime-u.ac.jp), and **Yankui Song, **School of
Mathematics and Computer Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097,
China
(songyankui@email.njnu.edu.cn).

Aquaro Number versus Absolute
Star-Lindelöf Number, pp. 925-936.

ABSTRACT.
In this paper, we discuss cardinal functions generated by or related to star
covering properties of a topological space. In particular, we show that the
Aquaro number of an absolutely star-Lindelöf Tychonoff space could be
arbitrarily large; the extent and the absolute star-Lindelöf number of a
discretely star-Lindelöf and pseudocompact Tychonoff space could be arbitrarily
large simultaneously. These improve some recent results of Bonanzinga and
Matveev, and also give answers to some of their questions.

**Lutfi N. H. Kalantan**, King Abdulaziz University, Department of
Mathematics, P.O.Box 114641 Jeddah, 21381 Saudi Arabia
(lkalantan@hotmail.com) and **Nobuyuki Kemoto**, Department of
Mathematics, Faculty of Education, Oita University, Dannoharu, Oita, 870-1192,
Japan (nkemoto@cc.oita-u.ac.jp)

Mild Normality in Products of
Ordinals,
pp. 937-947.

ABSTRACT.
A space is said to be *mildly normal *(or *κ-normal *) if every
disjoint pair of regular closed sets are separated by disjoint open sets. In
this paper, we will show:

(1) There is a compact linearly ordered topological space *Y* such that
ω_{1}×*Y* is not mildly normal.

(2) *A*×*B* is mildly normal whenever *A* and *B* are
subspaces of ordinals.

(3) There is a subspace of ω_{1}^{2} which is not mildly
normal.

(4) There is a closed subspace of ω_{1}×(ω_{1}+1) which is
not mildly normal.

**Zhongqiang Yang, ** Department of Mathematics, Shantou University,
Shantou, Guangdong, 515063, China, P. R. (zqyang@stu.edu.cn).

Dieuodonné-Hahn-Tong Theorem for
Complete Chains, pp. 949-960.

ABSTRACT.
In this paper, we discuss which spaces satisfy the Dieudonné-Hahn-Tong Theorem
for all complete chains, that is, for which spaces, does there exist a
continuous insertion between lower and upper semicontinuous maps to any complete
chain. We show that such spaces must be collectionwise normal and strongly
zero-dimensional. But they may not be hereditarily normal. Moreover, all
strongly zero-dimensional metrizable spaces and all ordinal number spaces have
this property.

**Hirsch, Morris W., ** University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley CA
94720 (mwhirsch@chorus.net). Permanent address: 7926 N. Hill Point Road, Cross
Plains, WI 5328.

Common Fixed Points for Two
Commuting Surface Homeomorphisms, pp. 961-981.

ABSTRACT.
Let F and G denote orientation-preserving surface homeomorphisms that commute
under composition. Conditions are found ensuring that the fixed point set of F
contains a fixed or periodic point for G. Proofs are based on Brouwer's Plane
Translation Theorem and the Cartwright-Littlewood Fixed Point Theorem.

**Marsh, M.M., ** California State University, Sacramento, Sacramento, CA
95819 (mmarsh@csus.edu).

Covering Spaces, Inverse Limits,
and Induced Coincidence Producing Mappings, pp. 983-992.

ABSTRACT.
We introduce a notion of "covering coincidence" between mappings of covering
spaces and use this theory to show that certain inverse limits of ANRs have the
fixed point property (fpp). In particular, we show that each inverse limit on an
even dimensional real projective space with essential bonding mappings has the
fpp, answering a question of D.Bellamy.

**Hatzenbuhler, James P., ** and **Mattson, Don A., **Minnesota State
University Moorhead, Moorhead, MN 56563 (hatzenbu@mnstate.edu),
(mattson@mnstate.edu).

Discrete, Zero- and
Strongly Zero- Dimensional Remainders, pp. 993-1000.

ABSTRACT.
The remainder of a Hausdorff compactification cX of a space X is the set cX-X.
Relationships concerning remainders which are discrete, strongly
zero-dimensional, zero-dimensional or totally disconnected are studied. In
particular, if cX>dX in the natural ordering of compactifications, then results
on whether dX-X can have one of these properties when cX-X has another are
obtained.

Some special cases: When X has compact residue and is paracompact at infinity,
then X has a zero-dimensional remainder iff X has a strongly zero-dimensional
remainder. When the residue is finite, then X is rimcompact and paracompact at
infinity iff X has a discrete remainder. Conditions are provided which
characterize when spaces with compact residue are paracompact at infinity.

**Ivansic, Ivan, **University of Zagreb, FER, Unska 3, 10000 Zagreb,
Croatia (ivan.ivansic@fer.hr), and **
Milutinovic, Uros, **University of Maribor, PEF, Koroska 160, 2000 Maribor,
Slovenia (uros.milutinovic@uni-mb.si).

Relative Embeddability into
Lipscomb's 0-dimensional Universal Space, pp. 1001-1012.

ABSTRACT.
Let S(t) be the generalized Sierpinski curve, which is naturally identified with
the Lipscomb's space J(t). Then L_{0}(t), the subspace of irrational
points of S(t), is universal for 0-dimensional metric spaces of weight ≤ t. We
prove that any embedding of a compact subspace of a 0-dimensional metric space
of weight ≤ t into L_{0}(t) can be extended to an embedding of the whole
space.

**Takuo Miwa,**
Department of Mathematics, Shimane University, Matsue 690-8504, Japan
(miwa@math.shimane-u.ac.jp).

Fibrewise ANR in Stratifiable
Maps, pp. 1013-1025.

ABSTRACT.
Fibrewise General Topology or General Topology of Continuous Maps is concerned
most of all in extending the main notions and results concerning spaces to
continuous maps. In this paper, we study the theory of fibrewise ANR for the
class of stratifiable maps which are maps of stratifiable spaces to a fixed
stratifiable space B. Of course if B is the one-point space, the theory of
fibrewise ANR for the class coincides with one of ANR (for the class of
stratifiable spaces).

**Tomas Dominguez, **Department of Mathematical Analysis, University of
Sevilla Apdo., 1160 41080 Sevilla, Spain (tomasd@us.es),
**Genaro Lopez,** Department of Mathematical Analysis, University of
Sevilla Apdo., 1160 41080 Sevilla, Spain (glopez@us.es), **Henryk Hudzik, **
Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, Adam Mickiewicz University,
Umultowska 87, 61-614, Poznan, Poland (hudzik@amu.edu.pl),** M. Mastylo, **
Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, Adam Mickiewicz University, and
Institute of Mathematics (Poznan Branch), Polish Academy of Sciences, Umultowska
87, 61-614, Poznan, Poland (mastylo@amu.edu.pl), and **Brailey Sims, **School
of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan
NSW 2308, Australia (bsims@frey.newcastle.edu.au).

Complete Characterizations of
Kadec-Klee Properties in Orlicz Spaces, pp. 1027-1044.

ABSTRACT.
We study for Orlicz function spaces, equipped with either the Luxemburg norm or
the Orlicz norm, the connection between the Kadec-Klee property for local
convergence in measure, the Kadec-Klee property for global convergence in
measure, and some properties of the Orlicz function which defines the space.

**Krzysztof Stempak, **
Instytut Matematyki, Politechnika Wroclawska, Wyb. Wyspianskiego 27, 50-370
Wrocl aw, Poland (stempak@im.pwr.wroc.pl).

Uniform Two-Weight Norm
Inequalities for Hankel Transform Partial Sum Operators, pp. 1045-1063.

ABSTRACT.
Proved are two-weight, uniform with respect to the order of the involved Bessel
function, norm inequalities for the Hankel transform partial sum operators. The
proof heavily relies on uniform pointwise asymptotic estimates for the Bessel
functions done by Barcelo and Cordoba. Also, a technique used earlier by
Muckenhoupt in the (discrete) Laguerre case is applied. The conditions appearing
in the main theorem are then proved to be necessary, except some singular cases.
The result is applied to obtain uniform estimates for the partial sum operators
of Fourier-Neumann expansions. This generalizes former results in this direction
done by Barcelo and Cordoba, and Ciaurri, Guadalupe, Perez and Varona.

** Sami Baraket** and **Lamia Ben Chaabane**, Departement de
Mathematiques, Faculte des Sciences de Tunis, Campus Universitaire 1060 Tunis,
Tunisie (sami.baraket@fst.rnu.tn).
The Wente Inequality on Weighted
Sobolev Spaces, pp. 1065-1075.

ABSTRACT.
In this work, we study the Wente problem on some weighted Sobolev spaces. Under
suitable conditions on the weight, we prove some estimates about the best
constant in Wente's inequality. In particular, we obtain the best constant for
the radial case with special homogenous weights. Using these estimates, we show
also some interesting gap phenomena..